State Soil Museum

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MISSKCoursesCONSULTANCY SERVICESWATERSHED ATLASPUBLICATIONSIWDMK TRAINING

Contact –  Principal Soil Chemist

Central Soil Analytical lab

Parottukonam

Thiruvananthapuram

Phone no - 0471 2541776

email - psc.csal@gmail.com

In tune with the growing concerns in the natural resource management front, Kerala government entrusted the establishment of a State Soil Museum to the Department of Soil Survey & Soil Conservation. The Department of Soil Survey and Soil Conservation is the premier institution dealing exclusively on soils of the State. Soil survey activities have helped to identify soils that occur extensively and that have special significance. The Soil Museum is an attempt to bring all these soils and their live models under one roof. Soil Museum and Soil Information Centre is established in the first floor of the Central Soil Analytical Laboratory at Parottukonam, Thiruvananthapuram. This museum is therefore the first of its kind in the world with the largest collection of soil monoliths and display materials. Potential user groups of soil museum would include farmers, soil scientists, research scholars, planners, administrators, students, extension personnel, non- governmental organizations and general public.

OBJECTIVES

  • Reference centre on the Soils of Kerala
  • Display of soil monoliths of the Bench Mark Soils of the Major land Resource Areas of all districts
  • Display of rocks and minerals of the State
  • Reference base for planning and undertaking soil series based agricultural research activities in the State
  • Mini theatre for providing information on soils and environmental issues at State and National Level through video shows
  • Soil Information Centre displaying soil maps, watershed maps and related maps of all districts
  • Display of watershed model, the basic unit of all developmental programs, and models of different soil and water conservation structures

 

BENCH MARK SOILS

Eighty two Bench Mark soils have been identified in the 27 different Major Land Resource Areas of Kerala for which soil monoliths were collected. A Bench Mark Soil is one that is widely extensive, holds a key position in the soil classification system and is of special significance to farming, engineering or other uses. The basic objective of Bench Mark Soil is to focus attention on extensively occurring soils and their agronomic concepts for wider acceptability of interpretations and for extrapolation of research data. The Bench Mark Soils are selected from among the existing and established soils that represent typical range of soil conditions within the state and having extensive coverage. It is the representative of the most extensive soils in major land resource area or agro ecological zone of the state and/or holding a key position in Soil Taxonomy. The selected soil should have large amount of research data for making transfer of agro technology feasible. Studies of Bench Mark Soils helps in soil correlation, standardization of legends, prediction of soil behaviour, agro technology transfer and planning further research in allied disciplines.
 

SOIL MONOLITHS

A Soil Monolith is a sample of a soil profile with undisturbed structure, including several or all the basic genetic horizons. The soil monoliths in the soil museum are arranged district-wise and based on Major land Resource Areas (MLRA’s). Detailed information on soil series, their classification (Soil Taxonomy, 1994), landscape, crops, climate, typical profile characteristics fertility status etc are displayed. A table showing the list of Bench Mark Soils, their physiography and MLRA unit are given below.

 

Soil series

Physiography

 

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM DISTRICT

 

1

Kazhakuttam series

Lowland

2

Amaravila series

Lowland

3

Vellayani series

Midland

4

Trivandrum series

Midland

6

Nedumangad series

Midupland

7

Kallar series

Midupland

8

Ponmudi series

Highland

 

KOLLAM DISTRICT

 

9

Neendakara series

Lowland

10

Varkala series

Midland

11

Sooranad series

Midland

12

Mylom series

Midland

13

Ummannoor series

Midland

14

Karavaloor series

Midupland

 

PATHANAMTHITTA DISTRICT

 

15

Airavan series

Midland

16

Adoor series

Midland

17

Ayroor series

Midland

18

Kumaranperur series

Midupland

19

Gudarakal series

Highland

 

ALAPPUZHA DISTRICT

 

20

Alappuzha series

Lowland

21

Punnapra series

Lowland

22

Purakkad series

Lowland

23

Champakulam series

Lowland

24

Mannar series

Lowland

 

KOTTAYAM DISTRICT

 

25

Manjoor series

Lowland

26

Parampuzha series

Midland

27

Kottappuram series

Midland

28

Paippara series

Midupland

29

Nellapara series

Upland

 

IDUKKI DISTRICT

 

30

Manakkad series

Midland

31

Thommankuthu series

Upland

32

Chinnar series

Highland

33

Venmani series

Highland

34

Pampadumpara series

Highland

35

Anamudi series

Mountainous

 

ERNAKULAM DISTRICT

 

36

Udayamperoor series

Lowland

37

Vypeen series

Lowland

38

Ikkaranad series

Midland

39

Punnamattom series

Midland

40

Perumbavoor series

Midland

41

Odakkali series

Midupland

     

 

THRISSUR DISTRICT

 

42

Manathala series

Lowland

43

Konchira series

Lowland

44

Kizhapallikara series

Midland

45

Koratty series

Midland

46

Kozhukully series

Midupland

47

Painkulam series

Upland

 

PALAKKAD DISTRICT

 

48

Thirunarayanapuram series

Midland

49

Karakurussi series

Midland

50

Mannur series

Midland

51

Bhavaji Nagar series

Midupland

52

Anuppur series

Midupland

53

Uthrampallam series

Midupland

54

Agali series

Upland

 

MALAPPURAM DISTRICT

 

55

Triparangode series

Lowland

56

Angadipuram series

Midland

57

Naduvattom series

Midupland

58

Vazhikadavu series

Midupland

59

Mannamkulam series

Upland

60

Walakkad series

Mountaineous

 

WAYANAD DISTRICT

 

61

Battuvady series

Highland

62

Pulpally series

Highland

63

Mananthavady series

Highland

64

Sulthan Bathery series

Highland

65

Periya series

Highland

66

Meppadi series

Mountaineous

 

KOZHIKODE DISTRICT

 

67

Elathur series

Lowland

68

Chelapram series

Lowland

69

Kakkodi series

Midland

70

Nanminda series

Midland

71

Kunnamangalam series

Midland

72

Thruvampadi series

Midupland

 

KANNUR DISTRICT

 

73

Narikkot series

Lowland

74

Kunhimangalam series

Lowland

74

Arathil series

Midland

75

Kolikkadavu series

Midupland

76

Wanjiyam series

Upland

77

Kunnathuru series

Highland

 

KASARGOD DISTRICT

 

78

Hosdurg series

Lowland

79

Thekkila series

Midland

80

Edanad series

Midupland

81

Payalam series

Upland

82

Maloth series

Upland

 ROCKS AND MINERALS
The common rocks and minerals seen in Kerala are displayed in the soil museum

SOIL INFORMATION CENTRE
Soil Information Centre is intended as a documentation and reference centre on the soils of Kerala. The center provides soil information in the form of hard copy, digital files of published maps and reports. The access and query facility on the soils of Kerala provides a detailed description on soil types, their limitations, ameliorative meaures etc. The success stories in the soil conservation front are also available for reference in the library.


WATERSHED MODEL

1.           The word ‘watershed’ is derived from German ‘Wasserscheide’: wasser (water) & scheide (divide / parting)

1.      Watershed is defined as a geo-hydrological unit draining to a common point by a system of drains. It is an area of land and water bounded by a drainage divide within which the surface run-off collects and flows out through a single outlet into a larger river or lake.

2.      Each watershed is divided from the adjacent watersheds by a drainage divide usually the high elevation perimeter of that area (ridge line).

3.      Size of the watershed depends upon the area covered by the selected drainage line, whereby smaller streams result in small area watersheds and larger streams give rise to larger area of the watersheds.

4.      Watersheds are seen in different shapes. Circular, square, rectangle, oval, triangle etc are the common shapes identified.

Presently, the watershed is the basic unit for implementation and development of all agricultural schemes. A watershed model is displayed to highlight the concepts of watershed delineation and integrated management.


MINI THEATRE

The mini theatre shows videos on soil survey and soil conservation activities in the State. The state of the planet is documentarised stressing the need for conservation activities. The soil perspective is highlighted in all videos. Videos on environmental concerns are also shown.

SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION MODELS

Soil and water conservation practices are highlighted through models. Detailed descriptions are also displayed.
DISTRICT-WISE SOIL AND WATERSHED MAPS

            Display and documentation materials on Geology of Kerala, geological time periods, physiography, soils of kerala, watersheds of all 14 districts are put up. The departmental activites are also shown. The output of field soil survey activities is inventory reports and maps. The reconnissance soil survey maps of all districts in 1:50,000 scale is displayed along with prioritized district-wise microwatershed atlas. Each soil map gives the soil associations encountered in each district along with their physiography. The watershed atlas is prioritized, delineated and codified at micro level for use of local self government institutions.

Entry fee  
School students - Rs. 5/-
College students – Rs. 10/-
General Public – Rs.20/-

 

            

   

               

Contact us

Directorate of Soil Survey & Soil Conservation
Center Plaza buildings
Vazhuthacaud
Thiruvananthapuram-695 014
Ph: 0471 2339899
Fax : 04712338500
 


 

 

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