Soil Health Management

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The shift from the conventional agriculture to modern agriculture, intensive agriculture dominated by economic considerations alone has accelerated the deterioration of the soil quality. The indiscriminate use of the chemical fertilizers without considering the actual requirement of the crop or the soil is one of the major causes affecting the soil quality. An intervention was highly essential so as to maintaining sustenance of soil health. Hence Soil Survey Unit intended to provide Soil health management support service to farmers by providing Soil health cards to individual farmers on per plot basis by launching the prestigious Soil Health Card programme during the Eleventh Plan period. The nutrient requirement of the crop and the nutrient supplying power of the soil governs the quantity of plant nutrients on which the crop is grown. Obtaining the maximum production potential of a particular crop also depends on the environment and the skill of the farmer/grower in identifying and eliminating those factors that reduce the production potential. With these objectives Soil Health card help to evaluate the health or quality of a soil as a function of its various characteristics.

 This card gives

 various physico-chemical properties like available macro and micro nutrients, water holding capacity, CEC, soil texture, content of exchangeable bases, exchangeable acidity ,soil pH, EC, organic carbon content.

  • General recommendations on the management practices suitable to the particular plot.
  • It provide site specific nutrient management plans ensuring availability of proper levels of nutrients to all parts of the field and avoiding excess applications ensuring reduction in input cost and eliminating deleterious effect of excess chemical use.

 Soil Health Management under NMSA (Central sector scheme)

Central sector scheme Soil Health Management under National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture aims at promoting location as well as crop specific sustainable Soil Health Management including judicious application of fertilizers for improving soil health and its productivity. The Government of India envisages distribution of Soil Health cards to each and every farmer in the India under this scheme. The Department of Soil Survey and Soil Conservation jointly implemented the scheme in the state during 2015-16. Out of the target of 63800 soil samples to be collected from he state, the Department was assigned a major share of 43800 soil samples. Under the scheme, 45000 soil samples were collected, analysed and 32500 soil heath cards generated during 2015-16. Together with the Dept of Agriculture and other agencies, Kerala could generate 42000 cards taking the state to 3rd position in the country. The Department has altogether issued over one lakh solo health cards under varius programmes since 2007.   

 

List of panchayats selected for soil health card distribution under Soil Health card scheme 2015-16

Sl.No

Name of District

Name of panchayat

1

Thiruvananthapuram

Poovar

 

 

Karakulam

 

 

Maranalloor

 

 

Pothencode

2

Kollam

Chathanoor

 

 

Thrikkaruva

 

 

Perayam

 

 

Panayam

 

 

Kalluvathukkal

3

Pathanamthitta

Kadambanad

 

 

Pramadam

 

 

Malayalapuzha

 

 

Naranamoozhi

4

Kottayam

Ayarkunnam

 

 

Kidangoor

 

 

Kanakkary

 

 

Ettumanoor

 

 

Neendoor

 

 

Paippad

5

Alappuzha

Cherthala South

 

 

Mannancherry

 

 

Chunakkara

6

Idukki

Muttom

 

 

Nedumkandom

 

 

Kudayathoor

 

 

Edavetty

 

 

Velliyamattom

 

 

Alakode

 

 

Kattapana

 

 

Erattayar

 

 

Pampadumpara

7

Eranakulam

Thuravoor

 

 

Mookkannoor

 

 

Chittattukara

 

 

Kanjoor

8

Thrissur

Varavoor

 

 

Kolazhy

 

 

Mulankunnathukavu

 

 

Alagappanagar

 

 

Puthur

 

 

Vallatholnagar

9

Palakkad

Vallapuzha

 

 

Parudur

 

 

Parli*

 

 

Kulukkallur

 

 

Pudussery

 

 

Ongallur*

10

Malappuram

Aliparambu

 

 

Anakkayam

 

 

Angadippuram

 

 

Pulpatta

 

 

Thiruvali

 

 

Nannambra

 

 

Kavannur

 

 

Areekod

 

 

Keezhattur

 

 

Pandikkadu

11

Kozhikode

Villiappalli

 

 

Kodiyathur

 

 

Chathamangalam

 

 

Perambra

12

Kannur

Chengalayi

 

 

Pinarayi

 

 

Ancharakkandi

 

 

Kuttiyattoor

13

Wayanad

Ambalavayal

 

 

Meenangadi

14

Kasaragod

Pallikkara

 

 

Muliyar

 

 

Madhur

 

 

Puthigae

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contact us

Directorate of Soil Survey & Soil Conservation
Center Plaza buildings
Vazhuthacaud
Thiruvananthapuram-695 014
Ph: 0471 2339899
Fax : 04712338500
 


 

 

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